A cohort in the experiment would constantly rap the participants on the knuckles, and the elevation of the participants' heart rates were then measured.This found that those who were shorter were actually more calm and more likely to maintain a steady heart rate.The term 'Napoleon complex' is used in reference to Napoleon Bonaparte who many believed conducted his tyrany and invasions as a form of overcompensation for his short stature.Interestingly however the term 'Napoleon complex' may well be a misnomer.
Symptoms Thus the stereotype is that the smaller male with short man syndrome would be aggressive, likely to shout and talk loudly and seek attention and eager to prove themselves.
Causes Of course the primary cause of short man syndrome is the aforementioned overcompensation.
This is one of the ego defense mechanisms as described by Freud, the idea being that the individual could this way protect themselves from the belief that they were smaller in size.
Meanwhile while the smaller individual might stand to gain from the confrontation, the larger half is likely already in a strong position (the 'desperado effect').
Smaller individuals also require fewer resources and are less hindered by injury (due to their smaller body weight).